High discharge capacities of Ti-based quasicrystal electrodes synthesized by mechanical alloying

Dedetemo Kimilita Patrick, Akito Takasaki, Alicja Klimkowicz

研究成果: Article

抄録

Ti-based quasicrystals are well known to store a high capacity of hydrogen exceeding the density of liquid hydrogen. This fact is due to that TiZrNi contain a large number of tetrahedral sites formed with Ti and Zr atoms that are chemical affinity with hydrogen. TiZrNi quasicrystal absorbs hydrogen up to host metal ratio (H/M) value near to 2.0. The disadvantage is due to the low equilibrium pressure. To solve this problem, we substituted Ti with a small amount of vanadium (V), with the nominal composition Ti45-x VxZr38Ni17 (x = 5, 10, 15) and synthesized by mechanical alloying. The subsequent annealing in vacuum conditions converted the amorphous into an icosahedral quasicrystal (I-phase) with face-centered cubic (FCC) Ti2Ni-type crystal. As the results, we investigated the discharge capacity for both amorphous and quasicrystal electrodes using three electrodes system (working, reference and counter electrodes) at room temperature. The highest discharge capacities obtained were 81.45 mAh/g recorded for amorphous electrode and 318.4 mAh/g for quasicrystal whose compositions is Ti35V10Zr38Ni17 at discharge current density of 15 mA/g. X-ray diffraction measurement was performed to provide the structural information on materials before and after hydrogenation. Microstructures of the materials were studied using an electron scanning microscope and the chemical compositions were confirmed using an EDX-analysis.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)2271-2279
ページ数9
ジャーナルMRS Advances
3
発行部数38
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2018 1 1

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Quasicrystals
Mechanical alloying
alloying
Hydrogen
Electrodes
electrodes
hydrogen
Chemical analysis
liquid hydrogen
Density of liquids
Vanadium
vanadium
hydrogenation
affinity
chemical composition
counters
microscopes
Hydrogenation
current density
Energy dispersive spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

これを引用

High discharge capacities of Ti-based quasicrystal electrodes synthesized by mechanical alloying. / Patrick, Dedetemo Kimilita; Takasaki, Akito; Klimkowicz, Alicja.

:: MRS Advances, 巻 3, 番号 38, 01.01.2018, p. 2271-2279.

研究成果: Article

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N2 - Ti-based quasicrystals are well known to store a high capacity of hydrogen exceeding the density of liquid hydrogen. This fact is due to that TiZrNi contain a large number of tetrahedral sites formed with Ti and Zr atoms that are chemical affinity with hydrogen. TiZrNi quasicrystal absorbs hydrogen up to host metal ratio (H/M) value near to 2.0. The disadvantage is due to the low equilibrium pressure. To solve this problem, we substituted Ti with a small amount of vanadium (V), with the nominal composition Ti45-x VxZr38Ni17 (x = 5, 10, 15) and synthesized by mechanical alloying. The subsequent annealing in vacuum conditions converted the amorphous into an icosahedral quasicrystal (I-phase) with face-centered cubic (FCC) Ti2Ni-type crystal. As the results, we investigated the discharge capacity for both amorphous and quasicrystal electrodes using three electrodes system (working, reference and counter electrodes) at room temperature. The highest discharge capacities obtained were 81.45 mAh/g recorded for amorphous electrode and 318.4 mAh/g for quasicrystal whose compositions is Ti35V10Zr38Ni17 at discharge current density of 15 mA/g. X-ray diffraction measurement was performed to provide the structural information on materials before and after hydrogenation. Microstructures of the materials were studied using an electron scanning microscope and the chemical compositions were confirmed using an EDX-analysis.

AB - Ti-based quasicrystals are well known to store a high capacity of hydrogen exceeding the density of liquid hydrogen. This fact is due to that TiZrNi contain a large number of tetrahedral sites formed with Ti and Zr atoms that are chemical affinity with hydrogen. TiZrNi quasicrystal absorbs hydrogen up to host metal ratio (H/M) value near to 2.0. The disadvantage is due to the low equilibrium pressure. To solve this problem, we substituted Ti with a small amount of vanadium (V), with the nominal composition Ti45-x VxZr38Ni17 (x = 5, 10, 15) and synthesized by mechanical alloying. The subsequent annealing in vacuum conditions converted the amorphous into an icosahedral quasicrystal (I-phase) with face-centered cubic (FCC) Ti2Ni-type crystal. As the results, we investigated the discharge capacity for both amorphous and quasicrystal electrodes using three electrodes system (working, reference and counter electrodes) at room temperature. The highest discharge capacities obtained were 81.45 mAh/g recorded for amorphous electrode and 318.4 mAh/g for quasicrystal whose compositions is Ti35V10Zr38Ni17 at discharge current density of 15 mA/g. X-ray diffraction measurement was performed to provide the structural information on materials before and after hydrogenation. Microstructures of the materials were studied using an electron scanning microscope and the chemical compositions were confirmed using an EDX-analysis.

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