By irradiation with 0.5 ns laser pulses at a wavelength λ = 1.064 m, laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) were fabricated on a steel substrate. In addition to low-spatial-frequency LIPSS (LSFL), a high-spatial-frequency LIPSS (HSFL) of period Λ ∼ 0.4λ with two-dimensional expansion was formed, although it is generally recognized that HSFL are formed only by ultrafast laser pulses. The wavevector of the observed HSFL was perpendicular to the electric field of the irradiated laser pulse (each ridge/groove of the HSFL was parallel to the electric field). We discuss the relationship between the formation of HSFL and the pulse duration.
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