Higher-order finite type invariants of classical and virtual knots and unknotting operations

Noboru Ito, Migiwa Katou

研究成果: Article

抄録

Vassiliev introduced filtered invariants of knots using an unknotting operation, called crossing changes. Goussarov, Polyak, and Viro introduced other filtered invariants of virtual knots, which order is called GPV-order, using an unknotting operation, called virtualization. We defined other filtered invariants, which order is called F-order, of virtual knots using an unknotting operation, called forbidden moves. In this paper, we show that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order ≤n+1 is strictly stronger than that of F-order ≤n and that of GPV-order ≤2n+1. To obtain the result, we show that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order ≤n contains every Goussarov-Polyak-Viro invariant of GPV-order ≤2n+1, which implies that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order is a complete invariant of classical and virtual knots.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)210-222
ページ数13
ジャーナルTopology and its Applications
264
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2019 9 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geometry and Topology

これを引用

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title = "Higher-order finite type invariants of classical and virtual knots and unknotting operations",
abstract = "Vassiliev introduced filtered invariants of knots using an unknotting operation, called crossing changes. Goussarov, Polyak, and Viro introduced other filtered invariants of virtual knots, which order is called GPV-order, using an unknotting operation, called virtualization. We defined other filtered invariants, which order is called F-order, of virtual knots using an unknotting operation, called forbidden moves. In this paper, we show that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order ≤n+1 is strictly stronger than that of F-order ≤n and that of GPV-order ≤2n+1. To obtain the result, we show that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order ≤n contains every Goussarov-Polyak-Viro invariant of GPV-order ≤2n+1, which implies that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order is a complete invariant of classical and virtual knots.",
keywords = "Finite type invariants, Forbidden moves, Knots, Unknotting operations, Virtual knots, Virtualizations",
author = "Noboru Ito and Migiwa Katou",
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AU - Ito, Noboru

AU - Katou, Migiwa

PY - 2019/9/1

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N2 - Vassiliev introduced filtered invariants of knots using an unknotting operation, called crossing changes. Goussarov, Polyak, and Viro introduced other filtered invariants of virtual knots, which order is called GPV-order, using an unknotting operation, called virtualization. We defined other filtered invariants, which order is called F-order, of virtual knots using an unknotting operation, called forbidden moves. In this paper, we show that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order ≤n+1 is strictly stronger than that of F-order ≤n and that of GPV-order ≤2n+1. To obtain the result, we show that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order ≤n contains every Goussarov-Polyak-Viro invariant of GPV-order ≤2n+1, which implies that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order is a complete invariant of classical and virtual knots.

AB - Vassiliev introduced filtered invariants of knots using an unknotting operation, called crossing changes. Goussarov, Polyak, and Viro introduced other filtered invariants of virtual knots, which order is called GPV-order, using an unknotting operation, called virtualization. We defined other filtered invariants, which order is called F-order, of virtual knots using an unknotting operation, called forbidden moves. In this paper, we show that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order ≤n+1 is strictly stronger than that of F-order ≤n and that of GPV-order ≤2n+1. To obtain the result, we show that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order ≤n contains every Goussarov-Polyak-Viro invariant of GPV-order ≤2n+1, which implies that the set of virtual knot invariants of F-order is a complete invariant of classical and virtual knots.

KW - Finite type invariants

KW - Forbidden moves

KW - Knots

KW - Unknotting operations

KW - Virtual knots

KW - Virtualizations

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