Due to the small coherence lengths of the high-7,; compounds, effective pinning sites are defects or particles of nanometer size according to Ç3. Integral magnetic measurements of the magnetization as a function of temperature in large applied magnetic fields (up to 7 T) have revealed that practically all high-T-4 compounds are spatially inhomogeneous, which can be caused by oxygen deficiency ( YBCO), solid solutions of Nd/Ba (NdBCO and light rare earth 123-type compounds), intergrowths (Bi-based superconductors), and doping by pair-breaking dopants like Zn, Pr, etc. Various irradiation experiments by neutrons, protons, and heavy-ions have enabled the artificial introduction of effective pinning sites into the high- Tc samples, thus creating many different observations in the magnetic data. From all these observations, we construct a pinning diagram explaining many features observed in high-T-4 samples.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2004|
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