Nanoscopic surface stripes were observed in high quality SmBa 2Cu3O7-δ single crystals grown by a top-seeded pulling growth and their roles on the peak effect and enhanced flux pinning were investigated with a SQUID magnetometer. The crystal surface exhibited an ordered modulation with a roughness of 1-2 nm and a wavelength of about 50 nm. The study evidenced that such a periodic array is not dependent on surface processing. The analysis further unveiled that nanoscaled stripes may act as a kind of δTc-style pinning defects which contribute to an enhanced peak effect.
|ジャーナル||Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2005 10 1|
|イベント||Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Superconductivity (ISS 2004) Advances in Supeconductivity - |
継続期間: 2004 11 23 → 2004 11 25
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