N-Aryl-N-methyl-2-tert-butyl-6-methylaniline derivatives exhibit a rotationally stable N−C axially chiral structure and the rotational barriers around an N−C chiral axis increased with the increase in electron-withdrawing character of para-substituent on the aryl group. X-ray crystal structural analysis and the DFT calculation suggested that the considerable change of the rotational barriers by the electron effect of para-substituents is due to the disappearance of resonance stabilization energy caused by the twisting of para-substituted phenyl group in the transition state. This structural property of the N−C axially chiral anilines was employed to reveal a new acid-decelerated molecular rotor caused by the protonation at the remote position (remote proton brake).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry