Optimal switching time to minimize store energy in MTJ-based flip-flops under process and temperature variations

Kimiyoshi Usami, Daiki Yokoyama, Aika Kamei, Hideharu Amano

研究成果: Conference contribution

抄録

Introducing a magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) into a flip-flop enables non-volatile power gating but large store energy to MTJ is a critical concern. A two-step store (TSS) to first perform a short store for all non-volatile flip-flops and then perform a long store only at the failed ones is an effective approach to reduce energy under switching time variation. However, properties of the optimal short-store time Tshort_opt to minimize the total store energy in TSS and physical/statistical parameters affecting Tshort_opt have not been studied yet. In this paper, we propose an analytical expression for Tshort_opt,assuming that the switching time variation follows a normal distribution. The derived expression revealed that Tshort_optis affected only by μ and σ of the distribution and the long store time. Results with fabricated chips in a 40nm CMOS/MTJ hybrid process demonstrated that the analytical Tshort_optshows a good agreement with the measured value (within 8% difference) under process and temperature variations. The TSS with Tshort_optreduced energy for the store operation to 0.32X of that of the conventional long-store-only technique.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトル2022 IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference, NORCAS 2022 - Proceedings
編集者Jari Nurmi, Dag T. Wisland, Snorre Aunet, Kristian Kjelgaard
出版社Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN(電子版)9798350345506
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022
イベント8th IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference, NORCAS 2022 - Oslo, Norway
継続期間: 2022 10月 252022 10月 26

出版物シリーズ

名前2022 IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference, NORCAS 2022 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference8th IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference, NORCAS 2022
国/地域Norway
CityOslo
Period22/10/2522/10/26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • ハードウェアとアーキテクチャ
  • 信号処理
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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