Optimum capillary number for oxygen delivery to tissue in man

Akira Kamiya, Shinya Takeda, Masahiro Shibata

研究成果: Article

12 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

The optimum number of total capillaries in the whole human body was estimated from the analysis of the efficiency for oxygen (O2) transport in the vascular-tissue system. We used a tissue model composed of uniform spheres in which O2 diffuses from the capillary located at the centre of each sphere towards the surrounding tissue consuming O2 at a constant rate. The tissue mass supplied by a single capillary was estimated as the area of positive O2 concentration under a given condition of capillary flow and O2 consumption rate. Total tissue mass was determined as the function of the capillary number n and the total blood flow. On the other hand, the energy cost required to maintain the vascular system with n terminals was assessed by using the minimum volume model (Kamiya and Togawa, Bull. math. Biophys. 34, 431-438, 1972). The efficiency of the entire vascular-tissue system was evaluated by calculating the ratio of total tissue mass/cost function. The result of the calculation using physiological data of cardiac output and O2 consumption for an average human adult during a heavy exercise revealed the maximum efficiency occurring at the capillary number 3.7×1010 which coincided well with its normal range of physiological estimates (3.2×1010-4.2×1010). We concluded that the entire vascular-tissue system is constructed so as to attain the highest efficiency in O2 transport at its maximum activity.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)351-361
ページ数11
ジャーナルBulletin of Mathematical Biology
49
発行部数3
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 1987 5
外部発表Yes

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Tissue
Oxygen
oxygen
vascular tissues
plant vascular system
energy costs
cardiac output
blood flow
bulls
Capillary flow
exercise
tissues
tissue
cost
Cost functions
Blood
blood
energy
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

これを引用

Optimum capillary number for oxygen delivery to tissue in man. / Kamiya, Akira; Takeda, Shinya; Shibata, Masahiro.

:: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 巻 49, 番号 3, 05.1987, p. 351-361.

研究成果: Article

Kamiya, Akira ; Takeda, Shinya ; Shibata, Masahiro. / Optimum capillary number for oxygen delivery to tissue in man. :: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. 1987 ; 巻 49, 番号 3. pp. 351-361.
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