Electrical vehicles equipped with lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) have been increasing in popularity on the market. LiBs have high energy density and high electric current; however, their lifetimes and performance are known to be strongly influenced by temperature rise due to heat generation, and thermal runaway may occur when the battery temperature exceeds 80 °C. Hence, the development of LiB thermal-management technology is essential. In this study, an A4-sized LiB was short circuited in a prototype cooling system with phase-change material (PCM) and heat pipes (HPs), and the performance of the cooling system was evaluated. To compare the cooling performances, four experimental conditions were adopted: a combination of PCM and HP; PCM only; HP only; and not using the cooling system. In addition, a simulation was conducted under the experimental conditions using a scale model of the cooling system. Thus, we confirmed that the temperature increase of the LiB, especially up to 80 °C, was extended by the effects of PCM. The combination of PCM and HP suppressed the temperature of LiB to be about 80 °C.
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