We developed an electrochemical system for detecting lipopolysaccharide (LPS) that uses an ultraflat nanocarbon film electrode modified with poly-ε-lysine with a high affinity to LPS. LPS was captured on the modified electrode, and then ferrocene labeled polymyxin B (FcPMB) was captured on the LPS adsorbed electrode via the LPS-PMB affinity interaction. The adsorbed FcPMB provided an amplified response with Fe2+ ions, and the current response was dependent on the amount of captured LPS (LOD=2.0ng/mL). This was due to the efficient accumulation of the obtained current for LPS and the very low noise made possible by the ultraflat surface.
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