Preparedness of Japan’s elementary school teachers for the introduction of computer programming education

研究成果: Conference contribution

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

By 2020, computer programming will be introduced to every elementary school in Japan. This study explored the extent to which elementary school teachers in Japan are prepared for this. A two-stage research plan was adopted. The initial stage took a qualitative and inductive approach, in which the author visited elementary schools to observe computer classes, interview teachers, and administer a questionnaire. This stage was designed to identify problems and note actual conditions in the field. This knowledge was used to develop the questionnaire for the second survey. A quantitative and deductive approach was used, involving a nationwide survey. Completed questionnaires were returned by 309 elementary school teachers, covering 44 out of 47 of Japan’s prefectures. The results show ICT to be currently underused in teaching and revealed that many teachers lack confidence in, or are anxious about, the plan. Four barriers were identified: the low level of ICT use in teaching, teacher skepticism about the plan, the use of conventional teaching methods, and teacher workloads. Overall, teachers were neither technically nor emotionally prepared for the planned introduction of programming education. Ways of addressing each barrier were proposed: increasing access to technological resources, improving teacher training, introducing pupil-centered teaching and learning methods, and reducing teacher workloads.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルInformatics in Schools
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルFocus on Learning Programming - 10th International Conference on Informatics in Schools: Situation, Evolution, and Perspectives, ISSEP 2017, Proceedings
編集者Arto Hellas, Valentina Dagiene
出版社Springer Verlag
ページ129-140
ページ数12
ISBN(印刷版)9783319714820
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017
外部発表はい
イベント10th International Conference on Informatics in Schools: Situation, Evolution, and Perspectives, ISSEP 2017 - Helsinki, Finland
継続期間: 2017 11 132017 11 15

出版物シリーズ

名前Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
10696 LNCS
ISSN(印刷版)0302-9743
ISSN(電子版)1611-3349

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Informatics in Schools: Situation, Evolution, and Perspectives, ISSEP 2017
国/地域Finland
CityHelsinki
Period17/11/1317/11/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 理論的コンピュータサイエンス
  • コンピュータ サイエンス(全般)

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