MgB2 bulk magnets are one of the attractive bulk superconductors because they have homogeneous trapped field distribution, low material costs, lightweight, and so on. Pulse-field magnetization (PFM) also has some effective advantages in the point of view of compact setup, shorter magnetizing time, and an inexpensive way to magnetize the bulk samples. However, the trapped field by PFM is inferior to those by field cooling magnetization due to the heat generation caused by sudden changes of the magnetic flux motion. Especially, the temperature rise is remarkable for MgB2 bulk magnets because of its low specific heat. In this study, we have carried out the PFM technique for five-stacked or three-stacked MgB2 bulk samples to analyze the flux-invasion behavior. These samples were fabricated by ball-milling and hot-pressing. As a result, maximum trapped field of BT = 0.64 T was obtained at 14.6 K at the center of the topmost sample when the external magnetic field Bex of 0.90 T was applied. As Bex increases further, BT were dramatically decreased because of heat generation. Furthermore, flux jumps frequently took place in the applied field higher than 2.0 T.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering