Bulk superconductors can trap high magnetic fields exceeding that of conventional permanent magnets as a manifestation of a macroscopic quantum effect. In recent years, a new record trapped magnetic field has been achieved, and the applicability to various devices has been vigorously studied. In this review, the trends in the research and development of superconducting bulk materials, including flux pinning control and mechanical reinforcement for REBCO, magnetization techniques, new materials (MgB2 and IBSC), and modeling and simulation, are summarized.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering