Robust Gait Kinematics under Two Different Gravitational and Viscous Conditions in Human

Tasuku Miyoshi, Motoki Takagi, Masami Akai

研究成果: Conference contribution

抜粋

Many neurophysiological and behavioural studies suggested that end-effector trajectory might be centrally represented variable within the gravity reference frame and effectively controlled. To this end we examined the effects of gravitational loading and viscosity upon lower limb kinematics during walking in water (WW) and on land (LW). Seven healthy, young male subjects were asked to walk on a force platform along the walkway. In water-experiment, the depth was adjusted to the level corresponded to about 20% of the body weight. Walking speed was self-determined (comfortable) and faster in water, while that on land was comfortable and slower. Additional load (8 kg) was also applied. The spatio-temporal patterns of the lower limb end-effector, three joint angular displacements (hip, knee, and ankle) were analyzed during the stance phase of each walking condition using a motion analysis system. Paths and curvature profiles, and area of end-effector displacements, range of motion in three joint angular displacements were computed and compared in each walking sessions. Three joint net moments calculated from angular displacement profiles and ground reaction forces were also computed and compared in each walking sessions. The results revealed that the end-effector trajectory, joint angular displacement of hip and ankle showed similar pattern during WW compared with those of LW. In addition, the range of motion at the knee joint was decreased during WW. However, the joint moments in all three joint were decreased and had different functional meanings throughout stance phase. These results suggest that conservation of lower limb kinematic templates across WW and LW does not arise from dynamical constraints but would reflect a behavioral execution achieved by the central networks involved in the control of motion. Moreover, the changes in the joint moments may reflect a differential recruitment pattern of muscles during WW comparing with those of LW.

元の言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルNew Trends on System Sciences and Engineering - Proceedings of ICSSE 2015
編集者Hamido Fujita, Shun-Feng Su
出版者IOS Press
ページ389-402
ページ数14
ISBN(電子版)9781614995210
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2015 1 1
外部発表Yes
イベントInternational Conference on System Science and Engineering, ICSSE 2015 - Morioka, Japan
継続期間: 2015 7 62015 7 8

出版物シリーズ

名前Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
276
ISSN(印刷物)0922-6389

Other

OtherInternational Conference on System Science and Engineering, ICSSE 2015
Japan
Morioka
期間15/7/615/7/8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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  • これを引用

    Miyoshi, T., Takagi, M., & Akai, M. (2015). Robust Gait Kinematics under Two Different Gravitational and Viscous Conditions in Human. : H. Fujita, & S-F. Su (版), New Trends on System Sciences and Engineering - Proceedings of ICSSE 2015 (pp. 389-402). (Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications; 巻数 276). IOS Press. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-522-7-389