Room-temperature growth of carbon nanofibers on plastic substrates

Masaki Tanemura, H. Hatano, M. Kitazawa, J. Tanaka, T. Okita, S. P. Lau, H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, L. Huang, L. Miao, S. Tanemura

研究成果: Article査読

24 被引用数 (Scopus)


A very simple method to synthesize densely distributed carbon nanofibers (CNFs) on flexible plastic substrates at room temperature with no catalyst is demonstrated. Carbon film was deposited onto polyimide, poly-ethylene-terephthalate (PET) films, Si plates and a Ni mesh, which were then sputtered with obliquely incident Ar+ ions at 3 keV at room temperature. Linear-shaped CNFs oriented in the incidence direction of the ion beam grew on the sputtered substrates, as confirmed by scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopes (TEM). CNF growth on a PET substrate, which is a non-heat-tolerant plastic, has never been reported so far. CNFs thus grown were characterized as amorphous without a hollow structure. The diameter of CNFs was almost identical (20-30 nm) despite a large difference in CNF length (0.1-4 μm). In addition, the CNF-tipped cones were demonstrated to act successfully as a template to fabricate one dimensional (1-D) zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures on a PET substrate. Thus, it was believed that the ion-irradiation technique would open up a new approach to fabricate any kinds of 1-D nanomaterials on flexible substrates at room temperature.

ジャーナルSurface Science
出版ステータスPublished - 2006 9月 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 表面および界面
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • 材料化学


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