A very simple method to synthesize densely distributed carbon nanofibers (CNFs) on flexible plastic substrates at room temperature with no catalyst is demonstrated. Carbon film was deposited onto polyimide, poly-ethylene-terephthalate (PET) films, Si plates and a Ni mesh, which were then sputtered with obliquely incident Ar+ ions at 3 keV at room temperature. Linear-shaped CNFs oriented in the incidence direction of the ion beam grew on the sputtered substrates, as confirmed by scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopes (TEM). CNF growth on a PET substrate, which is a non-heat-tolerant plastic, has never been reported so far. CNFs thus grown were characterized as amorphous without a hollow structure. The diameter of CNFs was almost identical (20-30 nm) despite a large difference in CNF length (0.1-4 μm). In addition, the CNF-tipped cones were demonstrated to act successfully as a template to fabricate one dimensional (1-D) zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures on a PET substrate. Thus, it was believed that the ion-irradiation technique would open up a new approach to fabricate any kinds of 1-D nanomaterials on flexible substrates at room temperature.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2006 9月 15|
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