Microstructures and magnetic properties were studied of melt-spun Nd15Fe77B8 ribbons with various thicknesses. High coercive force up to 1824 kA·m-1 (22.8 kOe) was found for ribbons with 45-100 μm in thickness. Interspaces among Nd2Fe14B grains were filled by a non-magnetic phase. Electron diffraction patterns of the grain boundary phase were analyzed to reveal that this phase is of tetragonal structure with lattice constants of a=0.512 nm an c=0.801 nm. An orientation relationship was found such that  of the boundary phase lies parallel to the  direction of the host Nd2Fe14B phase. The boundary phase is metastable, since it was decomposed into fcc Nd and a small amount of NdFe4B4 phase on heating above 690 K. Coercive force is discussed in terms of a nucleation controlled coercivity mechanism. The smoothness of the interface between Nd2Fe14B and the boundary phase controls the nucleation behavior of reverse domains. Thus, as-melt spun ribbons exhibited smooth boundaries and high coercive force, heat treated specimens exhibited rough boundaries and low coercive force.
|ジャーナル||Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas