Swirling flow behavior between two parallel disk shape plates was experimentally investigated with the aid of a particle image velocimetry (PIV). The experiment was performed at low Reynolds numbers (Re < 100) to simulate the practical operation in a disk shape planar-type solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). In the channel installed radial-type current collectors, unfavorable flow deceleration occurred toward downstream direction. Since this result suggested the necessity f improvement of flow uniformity, we designed a new channel with circle involute shape current collectors. In the new involute-type channel, a swirling flow was generated and its velocity was kept at nearly constant value toward the channel xit. This trend was observed regardless of flow rates, and hence flow uniformity was achieved over the wide range of Reynolds numbers. This is because a flow passage consisting of two adjacent involute shape current collectors functions s a constat-area channel due to the geometrical property of the circle involute. Furthermore, an estimation of a fluid motion in the involute-type channel was carried out by using steady state Euler's equation of motion. We confirmed that the velocity component in the flow direction was dominant compared with that in the other direction and played primary role to maintain a swirling motion through the centripetal acceleration term.
|ジャーナル||Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2011|
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