In tissue diagnosis, both elasticity and viscosity are important indexes. Therefore, we propose a method for evaluating tissue viscoelasticity by applying vibration that is usually performed in elastography and using an ultrasound coupler gel with known viscoelasticity. In this method, we use three viscoelasticity parameters based on the coupler strain and tissue strain: the strain ratio as an elasticity parameter, and the phase difference and the normalized hysteresis loop area as viscosity parameters. In the agar phantom experiment, using these viscoelasticity parameters, we were able to estimate the viscoelasticity distribution of the phantom. In particular, the strain ratio and the phase difference were robust to strain estimation error.
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