In this study, we designed and synthesized an implantable anti-CD25 antibody-immobilized polyethylene (CD25-PE) mesh to suppress tumor growth by removing regulatory T cells (Tregs). The PE mesh was graft-polymerized with poly(acrylic acid), and the anti-mouse CD25 antibody was then immobilized using the 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide reaction. Immobilization of the antibody on the PE mesh was confirmed by immunostaining. The CD25-PE mesh could effectively and selectively capture CD25-positive cells through antigen-antibody interactions when the CD25-PE mesh was incubated with a suspension of mouse spleen cells, including CD25-positive cells. In addition, implantation of the CD25-PE mesh into mice subcutaneously demonstrated the Treg-capturing ability of the CD25-PE mesh with only a weak inflammatory reaction. In tumor-bearing mice, tumor growth was suppressed by subcutaneous implantation of the CD25-PE mesh near the tumor for 1 week. These results suggested that the anti-CD25 antibody-immobilized material could capture Tregs in vivo and inhibit tumor proliferation in a limited tumor-bearing mouse model. Further research is needed to facilitate cancer immunotherapy using implantable anti-CD25 antibody-immobilized material as a Treg-capturing device.
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