Utilization of machine learning for analyzing concrete material consumption in Japan

N. A. Vios, M. Henry, J. Opon

研究成果: Conference contribution

抄録

Concrete is one of the most widely used construction material in the world. For developed countries like Japan, the trend of concrete consumption is affected by significant changes over time. These changes can be attributed to the decrease in population, stability of the economy, declining need of new infrastructures and other hidden factors that might not be easily recognizable with conventional statistical modeling. Understanding these drivers of concrete material consumption is important in evaluating construction resource efficiency. As such, this paper aims to understand concrete material consumption trends in Japan by utilizing machine learning techniques. Machine learning has gained popularity mainly due to its self-learning characteristics that allows performance enhancement without being explicitly programmed. A backward approach of stepwise regression analysis was performed to quantify the contribution of socioeconomic factors to concrete consumption. After which, an agglomerative hierarchical clustering was made to identify similar patterns of concrete consumption behavior across the prefectures of Japan and group these prefectures together. Through the detection of patterns in the historical data, understanding the drivers of concrete consumption leads to the enhancement of the efficiency of resource consumption in the future.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルEASEC16 - Proceedings of the 16th East Asian-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, 2019
編集者Chien Ming Wang, Sritawat Kitipornchai, Vinh Dao
出版社Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
ページ1271-1281
ページ数11
ISBN(印刷版)9789811580789
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021
イベント16th East Asian-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, 2019 - Brisbane, Australia
継続期間: 2019 12 32019 12 6

出版物シリーズ

名前Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering
101
ISSN(印刷版)2366-2557
ISSN(電子版)2366-2565

Conference

Conference16th East Asian-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, 2019
CountryAustralia
CityBrisbane
Period19/12/319/12/6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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